Commonly found throughout Northern Territory particularly in urban areas or where eucalypt gum trees are highly prevalent.
Nest location Coptotermes acinaciformis a very secretive termite species; they build their nest out of sight, within the base of eucalyptus or other susceptible trees, or completely under the ground; often within enclosed patios or under concrete on ground flooring which is ideal for moisture retention, temperature and humidity control within the termite nest. They can also produce a sub-nest away from the main colony nest often contained in a wall cavity of a building where a reliable moisture source (leaking shower recess areas, guttering or pipes) is available.
Highly destructive nature - Coptotermes acinaciformis are highly destructive to buildings. In fact, they are the most widely
distributed and destructive timber pest in Australia. Recent industry surveys suggest this termite species causes more damage to homes than fire or floods, combined, being more than 70% of the serious termite damage to buildings in Australia. A single colony may consist of well over one million termites.
Commonly found in tropical Northern Territory generally north of the tropic of Capricorn.
Nest location Mastotermes darwiniensis build their nest (secretively) totally below the soil surface; or in the trunks and root crowns of trees and stumps. Once a nest is mature (over 100,000 or much higher) they can split off to form other nests over a wide ranging area. These sub nests are formed constantly and can sustain life for along period of time without contact to the original nest.
Highly destructive nature Mastotermes darwiniensis is one of the worlds most destructive termite species, often causing severe damage to houses, buildings, bridges, posts, poles, and many other plant and animal products. Mastotermes darwiniensis is also an agricultural pest, responsible for ringbarking and killing living trees, shrubs, fruit, vegetable crops, sugarcane and rubber trees.
Mastotermes darwiniensis is reported to attack rubber tyres on tractors and cause damage to leather, hide, plastic or lead-sheathed cables, bitumen, bagged salt, flour, glass and various metals. Mastotermes darwiniensis is the most ancient of all the termites in the world they occur only in Australia a termite to be feared.
Dampwood termites form small independent nests which often attack sick or dead trees, decaying stumps or mouldy timber in the ground; they are seldom found in dry timbers in buildings.
Drywood termites occur mostly in
tropical areas, where the atmospheric humidity is constantly above 75 percent. Some species attack dead trees, stumps, poles and other timbers in direct contact with the soil, whilst others may damage timber flooring, structural timbers, joinery and furniture. Control may involve removal of timber in contact with the soil followed by a chemical treatment. Specialist eradication procedures involve wrapping the entire building in plastic and using methyl bromide fumigation.